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october 10, 2000 |
nobel prize in physics 2000

To scientists and inventors whose work has laid the foundation of modern information and communication technology, particularly through their invention of rapid transistors, laser diodes, and integrated circuits (*chips*).

The *nobel prize* is being awarded to *Zhores I. Alferov* and *Herbert Kroemer* "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics" and to *Jack S. Kilby* "for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit."

"The rapid development of electronic computer technology really started with the invention of the integrated circuit around 1960 and the microprocessor in the 1970s, when the number of components on a chip became sufficiently large to allow the creation of a complete micro computer. (...) Chip development has been matched by equally dynamic and powerful developments in telecommunications technology. Just as the integrated circuit has been and is a prime mover for electronic computer technology, ultra-rapid transistors and semiconductor lasers based on heterostructures of semiconductors are playing a decisive part in modern telecommunications." (*Information for the public. The Nobel Prize in Physics, 2000*)
first integrated circuit by jack kilby
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000

:: references
PC Webopedia
Zhores I. Alferov
Herbert Kroemer
Jack S. Kilby
Information for the public. The Nobel Prize in Physics, 2000

:: comments by others
Semiconductor Industry Association Commends Jack Kilby
on receiving the Nobel Prize for Physics
Nobel Committee Honors Fathers Of Digital Age
By Brian Fuller, EE Times
Nobel Winner Meets Putin, Asks for Science Funding
By Michael Steen, Reuters

:: image
Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit at Texas Instruments in 1958
credit: photo from texas instruments site.
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